Principles of Constitutional Construction

I found this here:

None of the words are without force and effect, except those superseded by amendments, unless such amendments are repealed. Except for the statement of purpose in the preamble, every word was intended by the Framers to be legally normative, and not just advisory, declaratory, aspirational, or exhortatory. Verba intelligi ut aliquid operantur debent. Words should be interpreted to give them some effect.

This principle of Constitutional Construction was mentioned in Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803), as It cannot be presumed that any clause in the constitution is intended to be without effect; and therefore such a construction is inadmissible, unless the words require it.

The Heller-McDonald decisions chose to ignore this cannon of Constitutional Construction and are, therefore, invalid.

Unless, of course, one wishes to amend the Constitution to change the meaning to that expounded by the court.

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