Archive for the ‘New France’ Category

St. Pierre et Miquelon   Leave a comment

I’m really surprised that my only marked post on this topic happens to be from 10 August 2014 and relates to Alternative history. Although, that is probably the most appropriate since St. Pierre and Miquelon Islands happen to be two small islands off of Newfoundland which are still part of France. It went back and forth between Britain and France during the 18th and 19th Centuries. However, under the terms of the Treaty of Paris (1763), which put an end to the Seven Years’ War, France ceded all its North American possessions, but Britain granted fishing rights to France along the Newfoundland coast, and as part of that arrangement returned Saint-Pierre and Miquelon to France. It became and overseas Territory of France in 1945.

It’s sort of like the line from Rupert Brooke’s The Soldier

That there’s some corner of a foreign field
That is for ever England.

In this case, it’s still part of France.

I did make a hint about these Islands in a post at MikeB’s. The hint related to:

Law enforcement in Saint Pierre and Miquelon is the responsibility of a branch of the French Gendarmerie Nationale; there are two police stations in the archipelago.

The islands were resettled by France in 1816 mostly with Basques, Bretons and Normans. It feels a bit like Brittany, as does the Gaspe. Unlike the Gaspe, you really ARE in France when you are here.

Cœur de Pirate–Oublie Moi

J’aime bien cette chanson mais je préfère la felix cartal remix version. J’aime pas seulement car cette chanson est Quebecoise. Tu surprendrais si tu penses que je étais un anglophile.

What was the real war that led to US Independence?

Nope, not the War for Independence/American Revolution: It was La Conquête  (the Conquest), which was really the tail end of the “French and Indian War”. There is a much longer post coming out of this, which has been stewing in my brain for a while and is still in process. The gist of it is that it was the event that made it possible for Independence to seem possible: even though there are a lot of myths and misinformation about this event out there.

Let’s say that the real pioneers were the French habitants who were well into the interior of North America when this happened, but they didn’t count in the Anglo-American scheme of things. The Quebec Act (the British North America (Quebec) Act 1774 [14 Geo. III c. 83] ) was an annoyance to the “patriots” of  the 13  Colonies.

Another issue was the Native American who were going to be screwed by losing the protection of the French. The Native Americans were far more important in all this than the French, which means the French and Indian War would be better served if it was called the Indians and French War since the French were not as important as the Indians. Although, the nature of the war had changed when it turned into La Conquête to become yet another European style war.

The bottom line is that the British Victory in this event removed French influence from North America, which meant that the Native Americans would lose any protection from the settlers of the English Colonies and what that nation would become. While New France was something, the relationship between the French and the Native Americans was far more important to building the United States,

See also:

  • Phillip Marchand, Ghost Empire How the French Almost Conquered North America
  • Fred Anderson, The War That Made America: A Short History of the French and Indian War
  • Walter Borneman, The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America